Lee aquí la
historia de la empresa en la cual vas a
trabajar durante 15 días.
Realiza todas las
actividades de cada día de trabajo y
consulta las respuestas.
tu examen final únicamente cuando hayas
completado las 15 lecciones de este curso.
In this first step, you will read carefully the presentation of this
unit (phrasal verbs have been highlighted in yellow). A full
glossary below will help you understand it better. To get
information in Spanish, just place the arrow of your mouse on any
highlighted word without clicking.
In the bestorganised businesses accidents sometimes happen.Today's accident happened to a worker who had been
Harper & Grant Ltd., like most engineering companies, has a fitters'
shop where routine maintenance repairs and modifications are done on
machine tools. Obviously it is in
the management's interest to do everything they can to prevent
accidents, but it is not always possible to foresee people's
actions, in other words "the human factor".
Two people react to the accident in a particular way. The first is
Peter Wiles, who hopes that the accident is not fatal (a fatal
accident is when someone is killed). But he is very concerned in
case his company is
Negligence is lack of proper care; in this case, in the provision of
safety measures, or safeguards, for the men working the machines.
There are various forms of negligence for which a person or firm can
be sued for compensation in a civil court action. In the event of an
accident the injured person could sue for damages which he
are caused by the negligence of his employer. If it is also found that
statutory regulations, for
laws regarding health and safety, have been broken, the local
factory inspector (a government employee) might institute criminal
proceedings against the company. If the company can be proved to
have been negligent, Reg Arnold, the man who was injured, may be
able to claim a lot of money in compensation. Compensation, in this
case, means money paid to an employee who has had a serious accident
which has reduced, or may reduce, his working capacity.
The other interested person in the accident is the
shop steward, Mr. Jack Green. He
thinks the safety precautions are inadequate. A company can be held
negligent even if it supplies
goggles and other protective
encourages their use. A court could rule that the
management should see that its own instructions, or those of the
factory inspector, are actually
carried out. If Arnold
were to make a claim against the company, he would almost certainly
do it through his trade union. This is the main activity of a
union's legal department. Incidentally, he will get money from the
State while he is not able to work, and all the care he receives in
hospital will be free under the National Health Service..
GLOSSARY: grinding-machine = grinder: a machine
used to cut or grind metal(esmeriladora);
where routine maintenance repairs and modifications are done on
(taller de armado o montaje);
a department of the factory(taller);
machine tools (máquinas herramienta):
apart from presses, there are three basic types of machine tool:
where the piece of metal to be machined revolves and is cut by a
single-point tool. The tool itself does not revolve.
grinding-machine or grinder
the tool itself revolves. The metal removed is in the form of dust.
works rather on the principle of a carpenter's plane. Material is
removed by a stroking operation. The cutting-tool can be fixed or
to bring a legal action against someone, to bring them to court and
make an accusation against them(demandar, entablar juicio);
to allege: to report, to inform (alegar, aducir, declarar,
elected representative of members of a trade union working in a
particular shop, or group of shops, in a factory. A shop steward
represents union members(representante o delegado del gremio);
necessary protection, or shield, for the eyes used when working with
lathes, grinding-machines, etc. They are like a large pair of
spectacles with side pieces(antiparras, anteojeras);
to encourage: to give hope or courage to (animar, alentar,
to carry out: to fulfill, to accomplish (llevar a cabo,
Listening for Gist
In this second step, you will listen through this conversation.
Don't worry about understanding every word they are saying. Now,
just relax, start listening to the audio file and try to understand
the general meaning.