Day 8 - Puerto Salaverry -  Trujillo City (Perú)



The elegant casonas, or mansions, which line the streets of Trujillo stand as a testament to this city's prosperous past. The warmth of its climate and its people makes this a wonderful respite for travelers.

The Peruvian port of Salaverry leads the way to Trujillo, the nation’s second largest city, beautifully situated before the Andean foothills. It was established in 1536, and became independent in 1820. Today much of its colonial charm is still retained in its old churches, balconied homes and courtyards with overhanging flowering baskets. In front of the cathedral is the Plaza de Armas, featuring a sculpture of the liberation of Peru. Several historic mansions are open to the public including the House of Emancipation, where Peru’s independence from Spain was claimed. The Archaeological museum offers a fascinating display of ancient pottery. 



Trujillo City
The northern city of Trujillo, with 750,000 inhabitants, is Peru's third largest city. It is the capital of the department La Libertad. Trujillo was founded in 1536 by Pizarro, and it is an attractive city with a lot of colonial flavour. Special about Trujillo are its different shades of blue, yellow and white, where many historic buildings are painted in and which give the city a fresh, spring-like flavour. Locals call it the Capital de la Primavera Eterna, the capital of the eternal spring, for the pleasant climate. 

Chan Chan Archaelogical Site
The Chimu, who preceded the Incas and were later conquered by them, built Chan Chan about 1300 A.D. At 28 square kilometers, it is the largest pre-Columbian city in the Americas and the largest mud city in the world.  At one time, Chan Chan had over 60,000 inhabitants and was a very rich city with a vast wealth of gold, silver, and ceramics. After the Incas conquered the Chimu, the city remained untouched until the Spanish came. Within a few decades of the conquistadors, most of the treasures of Chan Chan were gone, either taken by the Spanish or by looters.  

Temples to the Sun and Moon
Another interesting archaeological site to visit are the Temples to the Sun and Moon (Huacas del Sol y de la Luna). The Mochicas built them during the Moche period, over 700 years before the Chimu civilization and Chan Chan. These two temples are pyramidal and about 500 meters apart. The Huaca de la Luna has over 50 million adobe bricks, and the Huaca del Sol is the largest mud structure on the continent. The desert climate has enabled these mud structures to last in perfect condition for hundreds of years.


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