Day 7 - Lima City, Puerto Callao - Machu Picchu (Perú)



Founded in 1535 by the most ruthless of all conquistadors, Francisco Pizarro, Lima's history is one of conquest, trickery, piety and imperial grandeur. Today this colonial capital is gateway to some of Perú's premier archaeological treasures.

The Spanish adventurer, Francisco Pizarro founded Lima on January 18, 1535. He was killed in 1541 by a rival group of conquistadors. Around 1542, the city became the capital of Perú and established itself as an important and powerful city of South America. Three centuries later, due to political instability in Spain's South American empire, General San Martín declared Perú's independence in 1821. The city of Lima is one of South America's largest with a population of approximately 7 million. 


Inca Gold Museum
We know now that the Incas were not the first, and possibly not even the most advanced, early civilization in South America. Archaeologists are still accumulating evidence to describe all of the many ancient cultures of Perú, their relationships to each other and the reasons for their decline from power. The Gold Museum contains the private collection of Miguel Mujica Gallo
. This extensive display of gold attests to the incredible riches of the Inca world. You can even find a sword believed to have belonged to Francisco Pizarro, Lima's founder. 

Inca Erotic Art
he Rafael Larco Herrera Museum presents an immense and valuable collection of pottery which has been assembled from all the known Peruvian cultures. Reconstructed gravesites show burial techniques. There is a small cactus garden and a separate room with an extensive collection of erotic art on pottery. An exhibit of textiles made from feathers and a Paracas weaving, which contains 398 threads to the linear inch, rounds out this unique and valuable collection.


Machu Picchu: The Lost City of the Incas
With an altitude of over 8,000 feet, Machu Picchu was rediscovered in 1911 when the American explorer Hiram Bingham led a small expedition into the Andes. Archaeologists are still puzzled as to what techniques were employed to lift and fit the mammoth stones used to build the walls of the city. They were constructed without mortar and fit so precisely that a knife blade cannot penetrate between the joints.

Gold Museum

In Cuzco you will take a train ride through the Urubamba Valley, a major highlight because of its breathtaking scenery, and upon arrival at Machu Picchu, you will take a minibus ride to the "Lost City of the Incas".  Take some time for yourself, listen to the wind, place a hand on the stone walls, and perhaps you too will hear the footsteps of the ancient people and the ethereal sound of the Inca wind pipes. After all, this was the center of the ancient world.


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