Day 7 - Rounding Cape Horn



The southernmost point of the Americas is a gray rugged rock, enduring in a notoriously weather-beaten spot. With luck, our ship will be able to cruise close by this rocky promontory, which has marked the passage from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean for centuries.


Put the verbs in brackets
Be careful, you must use
FOUR different verbal tenses.

Legendary Cape Horn, with its storms and strong currents, has been both feared and respected by mariners since 1577. That (be) the year Sir Francis Drake, upon entering the Pacific from the Strait of Magellan, was blown south by one of the region's notorious storms. South of Tierra del Fuego he (discover) a sea of "Free and open scope", now called the Drake Passage. The expedition of Willem Schouten and Jacob le Maire was the First to round Cape Horn in January, 1616, when the Strait of Magellan was open only to ships of the Dutch East India Company. They (name) the Cape "Hoorn" after the town in Holland. Cape Horn in English -Cabo de Hornos in Spanish- it is the southern tip of Hornos island and is owned today by Chile.
The relentless westerly winds together with strong currents
(create) the most difficult conditions for mariners. In January 1768 onboard the Endeavour, then First Lieutenant, Captain James Cook accurately (fix) the position of Cape Horn at Latitude 55º59' South and Longitude 68º13' West. This remarkable achievement (accomplish)  while charting the coast in conditions of "hazey, rainy cold weather ... fresh gales with heavy squalls." Cook (study)  the reports of earlier storm battered expeditions, notably that of George Anson, in preparation for his voyage. Shipwrecks of the many less fortunate (remain) in the region today - a testament to the inhospitable climate and conditions.
Since the opening of the Panama Canal in 1914, travel around Cape Horn has
(decrease) dramatically, but the allure of the Cape has drawn many adventurers to the region with interest steadily growing over the last decade. Cruise ships transiting the Horn (increase)  in number and mariners wishing to make the the voyage in luxury now have many options open to them.



Click on the albatross
to listen to its sound

Of an ultra-modern conception, the Cape Horn Monument was designed so that the strong wind of the region cannot destroy it. It represents the bird that, according to the legend, is the reincarnation of the ancient sailors and pilots that lost their lives in this desolate region. Engraved in marble, Sara Vial's verses make the visitors shiver: 

"I am the albatross waiting for you 
at the end of the world,
I am the forgotten soul
of the dead sailors,
those who sailed through Cape Horn
from all oceans in the world.
But they have not died
in the furious waves,
in my wings they fly today
to the eternity.
in the last crevice
of the Antarctic winds".

"Soy el albatros que te espera
en el final del mundo.
Soy el alma olvidada
de los marinos muertos
que cruzaron el Cabo de Hornos
desde todos los mares de la tierra.
Pero ellos no murieron
en las furiosas olas,
hoy vuelan en mis alas
hacia la eternidad,
en la última grieta
de los vientos antárticos".


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